National and Natural Park
The Doñana National and Natural Park is probably the most iconic conservation area in the Western Mediterranean and Europe’s largest protected area. Its core conservation area is the Doñana National Park, declared in 1969 and managed since 2006 by the Andalusian Regional Authority. Its periphery includes several conservation areas, such as the Doñana Natural Park and the Doñana Biosphere Reserve.
Doñana PA is also part of the Natura 2000 network (since 1987), the Ramsar Convention (since 1982) and it is a World Heritage site (since 1994).
The Doñana Protected Areas includes seven ecosystems types (coastal waters, beach, dunes, forest, shrubland, sandy lakes and marshland) and 21 habitat types, 11 of them of high conservation importance – such as the bulrush marsh, glasswort marsh, floodplain lakes, sandy lakes, grassland ecotones, cork-oak forest, shrubland, coastal juniper forest and dunes.
Doñana host a great diversity of plant and animal species – including over 1,500 plant and over 300 vertebrate species. This diversity includes conservation icons such as the Iberian linx, imperial eagle, white headed duck, red-knobbed coot and marbled teal. Doñana is also a key stopover, wintering and breeding area for hundreds of thousands of migratory birds making the route that links Northern Euroasia to sub-saharan Africa.