Physical Environment

This thematic program focuses on the state and dynamics of the physical environment, as well as a number of drivers of its ecosystem health that take place in the vicinity of the Doñana Protected Area.

It comprises the following monitoring topics:

1. Meteorology: The ICTS-RBD counts with several manual and automated stations that register data on standard meteorological variables such as temperature, humidity, rainfall and/or wind speed. The longest-running one is a manual station situated at the RBD central facilities (Palacio de Doñana), which has been running continuously since 1978. It was complemented in 2008 with an automated station run by the Spanish Meteorological Agency (AEMET). Other automated stations have been deployed in the Doñana PA since 2013, sometimes associated to sensoring stations registering soil or atmospheric variables (see map). Data can be accessed through our data infrastructure and/or through the AEMET open-data service.

2. Air quality: Doñana counts with two monitoring stations integrated in the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution Convention (CLRTAP) network, situated at the headquarters of ICTS-RBD (Palacio de Doñana) and the National Park (El Acebuche). These stations sample passively, at 3-months intervals, several types of contaminants: dioxins, furans, PCBs, brominated flame retardants (PBDEs), hexachlorobenzene and DDTs. This monitoring topic is coordinated by Begoña Jiménez (Instituto de Química Orgánica General, IQOJ-CSIC). You can download the method employed here. Data can be visualized and requested through our data infrastructure.

Moreover, INTA’s Atmospheric Research Center El Arenosillo monitors routinely several atmospheric parameters such as ozone, global UV irradiance and aerosols nearby Doñana.